The topic of science and religion has been a very active area of scholarship in the past thirty years. Among the noteworthy authors whose books approach this subject are Ian G. Barbour, Francis S. Collins, John Lennox, John Haught, and John Polkinghorne
For a general introduction, the book Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives by John Brooke is a good account of the various historical relationships between science and religion.
There are many sites online that provide useful resources for teachers, students, and the general public on the topic of science and religion. Here are some that we have found especially noteworthy:
The Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences at University of California Berkeley "promotes the creative mutual interaction between theology and the natural sciences through research, teaching and public service" at a high academic level. http://www.ctns.org
They maintain a page of up to date introductory resources at an academic level at http://www.ctns.org/about_introduction.html
The Templeton Foundation is best known for their support of science and religion questions, and funding the annual Templeton Prize (currently £1.1 million). In 2008, Fr. Michal Heller, an associate member of the Vatican Observatory, won this prize.
Founded in 1997, the Metanexus Institute is a science-philosophy-religion think tank in Philadelphia. They describe themselves as a "not-for-profit organization dedicated to promoting scientifically rigorous and philosophically open-ended explorations of foundational questions." http://www.metanexus.net
Quantum Theology is wide-ranging blog by a university chemist and Catholic writer, Michelle Francl-Donnay; it provides a beautiful view of how science and faith are lived in the real world: quantumtheology.blogspot.com
At a more popular level, Rev. Bruce Booher, an ordained pastor in the Evangelical Lutheran Church of America (ELCA), and Pastor of First Lutheran Church of Plano, Illinois, has developed a web site called "Mystery, Awe and Wonder in Faith and Science": http://www.mysteryandawe.com